What is Dhcp in Networking ?


What is DHCP in Networking ? 

The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) is a network protocol used to automatically assign IP addresses to devices on a network. DHCP is used mostly in IP networks where a DHCP server is used to dynamically assign IP addresses to devices that request them.

What is Dhcp in Networking ?

DHCP consists of two parts: a client and a server. The DHCP server is usually a router or a server that is configured to hand out IP addresses. The DHCP client is usually a computer or other device that requests an IP address from the DHCP server.

How does DHCP Work?

DHCP is a "client-server" protocol, which means that a DHCP server must be present on the network in order to provide IP addresses to clients.

When a device connects to a network, it will send out a DHCP request in order to obtain an IP address. The DHCP server will then respond with an IP address that the device can use. The DHCP server will also provide the device with other important information, such as the address of the default gateway and the DNS server.

DHCP is a very important protocol because it allows devices to automatically obtain an IP address, which makes it much easier to manage a network.

When a DHCP client boots up, it sends a DHCP Discover message to the DHCP server. The DHCP server then assigns an IP address to the client and sends a DHCP Offer message back to the client. The client then replies with a DHCP Request message, and the server responds with a DHCP Ack message.

The DHCP protocol is used mainly because it is easier to configure than manually assigning IP addresses. DHCP also allows for easier management of IP addresses, because the DHCP server can keep track of which IP addresses are assigned to which devices.

DHCP Server Configuration

A DHCP server is a server that automatically assigns IP addresses to devices on a network. A DHCP server can be configured to hand out different IP addresses to different devices based on their MAC address.

To configure a DHCP server, you will need to edit the /etc/dhcp/dhcpd.conf file. In this file, you will need to specify the range of IP addresses that the DHCP server can hand out, as well as the IP address of the gateway and the DNS servers.

Once you have edited the dhcpd.conf file, you will need to restart the DHCP server. On most Linux distributions, this can be done by running the following command:

sudo /etc/init.d/dhcpd restart 

What are the 4 types of DHCP packets? 

There are four types of DHCP packets:

  3. DHPCREQUEST, and 

DHCPDISCOVER is sent by a client when it first attempts to obtain an IP address from a server.

 DHCPOFFER is sent by the server in response to a DHCPDISCOVER packet received from the client. It contains information about the offered IP address and other parameters such as subnet mask, default gateway etc. 

DHCPREQUEST Packet: A client sends this message after selecting one or more offers in order receive confirmation that those parameters have not been changed and also obtains its previously allocated network address if still available..

A DHCPDECLINE message indicates that the client has discovered through some other means that the suggested network address is already in use..

DHCP, or Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol, is a network protocol that allows devices on a network to be automatically assigned an IP address. DHCP eliminates the need for manual configuration of IP addresses and reduces the potential for errors.

What are the benefits of using DHCP?

There are several benefits to using DHCP: 

1) It simplifies network administration by eliminating the need to manually configure IP addresses. 

2) It reduces the potential for errors inIP address configuration. 

3) It allows for easy expansion of networks as new devices can be added without having to manually configure each one with an IP address. 

4)DHCP can provide additional features such as automatic assignment of DNS server information and default gateway information. 

5)It can help improve security by reducing the chances of unauthorized devices accessing a network if they do not have a valid IP address assignment from the DHCP server

What are disadvantages of DHCP?

There are several disadvantages of Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP). 

One is that it is not as secure as static IP addresses because it uses a broadcast mechanism. This means that any computer on the same network can listen in and see what addresses are being assigned. 

Another disadvantage is that it can be more difficult to troubleshoot network problems when using DHCP because the IP address can change at any time. 

Finally, DHCP can be less reliable than using static IP addresses because if the DHCP server goes down, then no one on the network will be able to get an IP address.

How does DHCP assign DNS?

When a computer or other device connects to a network, it is assigned an IP address. This address uniquely identifies the device on the network and allows it to communicate with other devices.

In addition to an IP address, every device on a network also needs a DNS server. DNS stands for Domain Name System and is responsible for translating human-readable domain names (like www.example.com) into IP addresses (like

When DHCP is enabled on a router, it will automatically assign both an IP address and DNS server to any connected devices.

Read Also : 

To Top